Posts Tagged ‘Politics’

Day 206

September 23rd, 2022

Thoughts: Water. Things you wanted to know about water but didn’t know who to ask.
I was in the supermarket the other day and down the aisle with water – there were numerous bottles to choose from – brands – spring water – distilled – purified. So what water is the best to drink? And is fluoride in our water really a good thing?
If you’re starting to feel a little self-conscious about carrying around bottled water,Guest Posting join the crowd.
While consumption of bottled water continues to grow globally, concerns about the environmental impact of drinking bottled water are also on the rise, with green-thinking restaurants across the country taking it off their menus and pro-tap water campaigns gaining steam.
Tap water, however, has its own set of problems. Those contemplating making the shift may harbor fears about contaminants–not to mention the recent reports of trace amounts of pharmaceuticals being found in the drinking supplies of at least 41 million Americans.
We live on a blue planet covered with over 75% water and yet, less than 1% of this water is actually suitable for drinking. One out of six people in the world has no dependable, safe drinking water.
Americans spent more money last year on bottled water than on ipods or movie tickets: $15 Billion. Thirty years ago, bottled water barely existed as a business in the United States. Bottled water is the food phenomenon of our times.
We pitch into landfills 38 billion water bottles a year — in excess of $1 billion worth of plastic.
24% of the bottled water we buy is tap water repackaged by Coke and Pepsi.

SELECTED WATERS TO WATCH
Master Choice (NY)Heterotrophic-plate-count bacteria over 500 cfu/ml in some bottles
Odwalla Geothermal Natural Spring Water (CA)Fluoride level in excess of California and FDA standard for warm weather areas
Poland Spring (DC)Heterotrophic-plate-count bacteria over 500 cfu/ml guideline in some bottles; 1996 excess chlorine recall
Private Selection Drinking & Purified Waters (CA)Trihalomethane levels above California and industry standards
Publix Drinking Water (FL)Trihalomethanes above industry standard
Safeway Drinking Water & Purified Water & Club Soda & Select Seltzer & Spring Water (all CA) Trihalomethanes above California and industry standards
Vittel Mineral Water (CA)Arsenic in excess of California, World Health Organization, and European Union standards
Volvic Natural Spring Water (CA)Arsenic in excess of California, World Health Organization, and European Union standards
Alhambra Mountain Spring Water (CA)Heterotrophic-plate-count bacteria in some bottles over 500 colony forming units/milliliter (cfu/ml) guideline
Appollinaris (CA)Arsenic above California warning level
Black Mountain Fluoridated Water (CA)Heterotrophic-plate-count bacteria over 500 cfu/ml guideline in some bottles; fluoride levels exceed FDA and California standards for warm weather areas
Crystal Geyser Alpine Spring Water (CA)Arsenic in excess of California warning level and World Health Organization and European Union standards
Lady Lee Drinking Water (CA)Trihalomethanes in excess of California and industry standards
Lucky Seltzer Water (CA)Trihalomethanes in excess of California standards (and over industry standards, which don’t apply to seltzer)
WATERS TESTING CLEAN
Deer Park (DC, NY)No contaminants of concern found in four tests
Naya (CA, NY)No contaminants of concern found in four tests
Rocky Mountain Drinking Water (CA)No contaminants of concern found in two tests
San Pelligrino (CA)No contaminants of concern found in two tests
Vons Drinking Water (CA)No contaminants of concern found in two tests
Vons Natural Spring Water (CA)No contaminants of concern found in two tests
NRDC (Natural Resource Defense Council) did a study that included testing of more than 1,000 bottles of 103 brands of bottled water. While most of the tested waters were found to be of high quality, some brands were contaminated: about one-third of the waters tested contained levels of contamination – including synthetic organic chemicals, bacteria, and arsenic – in at least one sample that exceeded allowable limits under either state or bottled water industry standards or guidelines.
A key NRDC finding is that bottled water regulations are inadequate to assure consumers of either purity or safety, although both the federal government and the states have bottled water safety programs. At the national level, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for bottled water safety, but the FDA’s rules completely exempt waters that are packaged and sold within the same state, which account for between 60 and 70 percent of all bottled water sold in the United States (roughly one out of five states don’t regulate these waters either). The FDA also exempts carbonated water and seltzer, and fewer than half of the states require carbonated waters to meet their own bottled water standards.
Even when bottled waters are covered by the FDA’s rules, they are subject to less rigorous testing and purity standards than those which apply to city tap water. For example, bottled water is required to be tested less frequently than city tap water for bacteria and chemical contaminants. In addition, bottled water rules allow for some contamination by E. coli or fecal coliform (which indicate possible contamination with fecal matter), contrary to tap water rules, which prohibit any confirmed contamination with these bacteria. Similarly, there are no requirements for bottled water to be disinfected or tested for parasites such as cryptosporidium or giardia, unlike the rules for big city tap water systems that use surface water sources. This leaves open the possibility that some bottled water may present a health threat to people with weakened immune systems, such as the frail elderly, some infants, transplant or cancer patients, or people with HIV/AIDS.
What are the different types of bottled water?There are several different varieties of bottled water. The product may be labeled as bottled water, drinking water or any of the following terms. The Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) product definitions for bottled water are:
Artesian Water / Artesian Well Water: Bottled water from a well that taps a confined aquifer (a water-bearing underground layer of rock or sand) in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer.
Drinking Water: Drinking water is another name for bottled water. Accordingly, drinking water is water that is sold for human consumption in sanitary containers and contains no added sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavors, extracts or essences). It must be calorie-free and sugar-free. Flavors, extracts or essences may be added to drinking water, but they must comprise less than one-percent-by-weight of the final product or the product will be considered a soft drink. Drinking water may be sodium-free or contain very low amounts of sodium.
Mineral Water: Bottled water containing not less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids may be labeled as mineral water. Mineral water is distinguished from other types of bottled water by its constant level and relative proportions of mineral and trace elements at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to this product.
Purified Water: Water that has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable processes and that meets the definition of purified water in the United States Pharmacopoeia may be labeled as purified bottled water. Other suitable product names for bottled water treated by one of the above processes may include “distilled water” if it is produced by distillation, “deionized water” if the water is produced by deionization, or “reverse osmosis water” if the process used is reverse osmosis. Alternatively “_____________ drinking water” can be used with the blank being filled in with one of the terms defined in this paragraph (e.g. “purified drinking water” or “distilled drinking water”).
Sparkling Water: Water that after treatment and possible replacement with carbon dioxide contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had at emergence from the source. (An important note: soda water, seltzer water and tonic water are not considered bottled waters. They are regulated separately, may contain sugar and calories, and are considered soft drinks.)
Spring Water: Bottled water derived from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the surface of the earth. Spring water must be collected only at the spring or through a bore hole tapping the underground formation and the spring. Spring water collected with the use of an external force must be from the same underground stratum as the spring and must have all the physical properties, before treatment, and be of the same composition and quality as the water that flows naturally to the surface of the earth.
Well Water: Bottled water from a hole bored, drilled or otherwise constructed in the ground which taps the water of an aquifer.

Choosing a Plumber for Your Hot Water Repairs

March 14th, 2022

Regardless of whether you’re a homeowner or if you own a business, the need for hot water is essential to your daily living. It is central to not only your comfort, but also to your basic needs. When a hot water heater ceases to function correctly, it is imperative to have it repaired, as it can hugely impact your daily routine, whether business or domestic. Many people will repair their own machines; however, this is not recommended due to the complexity of water heaters. It is always advisable to call a plumber for all your repairs. A plumber will have all of the necessary tools, expertise, and knowledge to perform your repairs and get your life back to normal in no time.

There are several different signals that may signify that your hot water heater is having problems. Your hot water may not last as long, or you may only get lukewarm water when your tap is turned to full hot. There could also be banging noises or other such noises coming from inside of the tank. These types of symptoms can mean any of a variety of problems, such as the shell of the tank could be cracked or the heating element could be damaged or malfunctioning. These types of issues require the proper knowledge to handle, and attempting to fix these on your own is simply not safe. These machines are either electric- or gas-powered, and are obviously attached to the water supply line. Trying to work with this type of combination can be dangerous, even if you have extensive home repair knowledge. It is simply best to leave both the diagnosis and the actual work to a professional.

Once you have called in a plumber, he or she will assess your situation and ascertain which part of the equipment is not functioning properly. Unfortunately, in some cases, your hot water heater may simply be done for. In this case, your plumber will be able to help you choose a new machine for your home or business that will best suit the needs it is required for. Some plumbers may even suggest one of the new tankless water heaters. With this type of system, there is no longer the need for the water’s holding tank. Tankless water heaters reduce power consumption by only providing hot water when it is actually required, rather than having to keep it heated inside of a tank waiting till it is required. This is a much more energy efficient means of keeping inside your home or business. Regardless of the option you choose, your plumber will be able to take care of all of the work for you, from disconnection of the old system and the installation of the new.

Having hot water is a necessity in this life. If there is a problem with your hot water heater, contact a plumber as soon as you notice something has changed. He or she will be able to perform the hot water repairs that you require, and get your life back to normal.